Since  2007 ECORD has been sponsoring a Distinguished Lecturer Programme, which is designed to bring the exciting scientific discoveries of IODP to the geosciences community in ECORD member countries and to promote new members to ECORD.

Every two years ESSAC selects Distinguished Lecturers based on the four main thematic areas of IODP research defined in the IODP Science Plan.

 

ECORD invites you to host a Distinguished Lecturer


Call for Institutions to apply for a DLP Lecturer 2016/2017 – Download

Did you know ?

DLP lectures organised in 2015 and 2016 in 12 countries

Lecturers 2016/2017

Biotic response to Cenozoic climate perturbations: new insights from ocean drilling

Bridget Wade, University College London: b.wade@ucl.ac.uk 

bridget-wade-eu

Determining past oceanographic change often involves organic or inorganic geochemical proxies, however, there is a wealth of information available from examining alterations in the assemblages of marine biota. Microscopic fossils (foraminifera, nannofossil, diatoms, radiolarians) are abundant in deep sea sediments and can provide a record of paleoceanographic change. Marine cores from the International Ocean Discovery Program and its predecessors allows examination of how different groups responded through time, and in particular their reaction at climatic perturbations. Changes in the marine biota may involve the extinction of species or groups of species that can tell us about alterations in their habitat. It can also comprise the enhanced abundance of a particular species, or a group, for a short interval of time (acme events). The dwarfing of organisms is increasingly becoming recognised as a response to environmental stress, however, I will show several intervals in the Cenozoic where a species became much larger for a short interval of time. Different plankton groups respond in different ways. For example, a major turnover in both calcareous (planktonic foraminifera) and siliceous (radiolarians) zooplankton occurred at the middle/late Eocene boundary about 38 Ma. New analysis of the nannofossil assemblages indicates a relatively muted response, and demonstrates the contrasting sensitivity to environmental change in these plankton groups. This talk focuses on Cenozoic ocean drilling records where the marine microfossils respond in sometimes mysterious ways, with particular focus on the Eocene, Oligocene and Miocene.

 

Controls on microbial population size and community structure in subseafloor environments

Mark Alexander Lever, ETH Zurich: mark.lever@usys.ethz.ch

lever_photo_reducedI will discuss how the interplay of environmental variables, such as temperature and redox conditions, as well as availability of organic and inorganic energy substrates determine the population size and community structure of microorganisms in deeply buried sediments and crustal environments. I will show how rates of biomolecule-damaging reactions, e.g. amino acid racemization, DNA depurination, and the energetic cost of biomolecule repair are direct consequences of the temperature and redox environment and that therefore temperature and redox conditions exert a key influence on microbial population size in subsurface environments. In addition, I will discuss the role the chemical composition of microbial energy substrates has in determining the community structure of microorganisms. I will present the hypothesis that the macromolecular composition of biogenic organic compounds is a key determinant of microbial community structure in the majority of subseafloor sediments, whereas in subseafloor crustal environments and deep sediments in proximity to seismically and geothermally active zones the composition of geogenic inorganic and small organic molecules is the main driver of microbial community structure. I will conclude with an outlook on important scientific goals and drilling targets of future subsurface microbiological research, and demonstrate how scientific observations and hypotheses resulting from ocean drilling expeditions are challenging fundamental microbiological concepts and transforming our understanding of life on Earth and beyond.

 

Serpentinization and life: Insights through ocean drilling

Gretchen FrühGreen, ETH Zurich: frueh-green@erdw.ethz.ch

fruh-green_photo1Ultramafic and lower crustal rocks are exposed on the seafloor in many tectonic settings and have been the target of a number of expeditions throughout the history of ocean drilling. Progressive interaction of seawater with mantle-dominated lithosphere during serpentinization is a fundamental process that controls rheology and geophysical properties of the oceanic lithosphere and has major consequences for heat flux, geochemical cycles and microbial activity in a wide variety of environments. At slow spreading ridge environments, serpentinization occurs along detachment faults (major, large-scale offset normal faults), as mantle rocks are uplifted to the seafloor and are incorporated in dome-shaped massifs known as oceanic core complexes. The processes controlling fluid flow and a deep biosphere are intimately linked, however, the spatial scale of lithological variability, the implications for geochemical cycles and the consequences for subsurface ecosystems supported by these systems remain poorly constrained.

This presentation will provide an overview of mid-ocean ridge processes and will highlight recent results of drilling the Atlantis Massif on the western flank of the Mid- Atlantic Ridge at 30°N. The Atlantis Massif is one of the best-studied oceanic core complexes and hosts the unique Lost City hydrothermal field on its southern wall.

Serpentinization reactions in the underlying mantle rocks produce high pH fluids that form large carbonate-brucite structures upon venting on the seafloor. The fluids have negligible dissolved carbonate and metals, but have high concentrations of hydrogen, methane and formate that support novel microbial communities dominated by methane- cycling archaea in the hydrothermal carbonate deposits. Understanding the links between serpentinization processes and microbial activity in the shallow subsurface of the Atlantis Massif was the focus of IODP Expedition 357, which used seabed rock drilling technology for the first time in the history of the ocean drilling programs to recover ultramafic and mafic rock sequences along a detachment fault zone. The expedition also successfully applied new technologies that provide insight into active serpentinizing systems. A sensor package and water sampling system on the seabed drills monitored real-time variations in dissolved oxygen and methane, pH, oxidation-reduction potential, temperature and conductivity during drilling and allowed sampling of bottom water after drilling. A borehole plug system for sealing the boreholes was installed at two sites to allow access for future sampling; and chemical tracers for contamination testing were delivered into the drilling fluids with the seabed drills. Thus, results of drilling the Atlantis Massif will provide important insights for future studies of serpentinization processes and microbial activity at slow-spreading ridges.

 

Thrilling advances in the understanding the up-dip limit of subduction zones and the associated risks of tsunami and earthquakes through scientific drillings

Marianne Conin, University of Lorraine, Nancy: marianne.conin@univ-lorraine.fr

coninphoto

Abstract coming soon – this lecture can be hosted from summer 2017 onwards!

Lecturers 2015/2016

Christian France-Lanord, Centre de Recherches Pétrographiques et Géochimiques-CNRS, Nancy, France
Himalaya: from mountains to drilling in the Bengal fan >> Abstract

Current Schedule

ISTerre, Maison des Geoscience  France
27 May 2015 (hosted by Alexandra Gourland)

University of Southampton & National Oceanography Centre, UK
29 May 2015 (hosted by Christopher Pearce)

CEREGE, Aix-en-Provence, France
18 Nov 2015 (hosted by Gilbert Camoin)

Istanbul IODP Day, Turkey
15 Oct 2015

University of Edinburgh, UK
2 Nov 2016 (hosted by Hugh Sinclair)

Jens Kallmeyer, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, Germany
What controls abundance and activity of microbial life in subsurface sediments? New insights from scientific drilling >>Abstract

Current Schedule

University of British Columbia, Canada
16 Jan 2015 (hosted by Sea Crowe)

Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre (OCGC) and the Geological Survey of Canada, Canada
20 Jan 2015 (hosted by Christopher Lawley)

University of Toronto, Canada
22 Jan 2015 (hosted by James Brenan)

Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (SUERC), UK
15 March 2015 (hosted by Dan Barford)

Newcastle University, UK
19 March 2015 (hosted by Ian Head)

Istanbul IODP Day, Turkey
15 Oct 2015

Aarhus University, Denmark
20 Oct 2015 (hosted by Clemens Glombitza)

Universities of Aveiro, Portugal
3 Nov 2015 (hosted by Luis Pinheiro)

Antony Morris, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Plymouth University, UK
What can magnetism tell us about oceanic tectonics? New insights from scientific drilling >> Abstract

Current Schedule

Leibniz University Hannover, Germany
19 Jan 2015 (hosted by Juergen Koepke)

Institute for Geophysics and Extraterrestrial Physics, TU Braunschweig, Germany
20 Jan 2015 (hosted by Martin Neuhaus)

Geosciences Montpellier, France
6 Feb 2015 (hosted by Benoit Ildefonse)

Utrecht University, The Netherlands
13 March 2015 (hosted by Marco Maffione)

Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, France
31 March 2015 (hosted by Daniel Sauter)

University of Bremen, Germany
6 May 2015 (hosted by Wolfgang Bach)

Uppsala University, Sweeden
19 May 2015 (hosted by Ian Snowball)

Gabriele Uenzelmann-Neben, Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum fuer Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Germany
Reconstructing palaeo-circulation: Reading sediment drifts with the aid of IODP information >> Abstract

Current Schedule

University of Hull, UK
27 April 2015 (hosted by Rebecca Williams)

Department of Geography at Northumbria, UK
29 April 2015 (hosted by Vasile Ersek)

University College London, UK
1 May 2015 (hosted by Bridget Wade)

University of Leicester, UK
5 May 2015 (hosted by Sally Morgan)

Heidelberg University, Germany
19 May 2015 (hosted by Oliver Friedrich)

University of Perpignan, France
23 Oct 2015 (hosted by Serge Berné)

Castel dellOvo, Naples, Italy
28 Oct 2015 (hosted by Marco Sacchi)

Instituto Portugues do Mare da Atmosfera (IPMA), Portugal
3 Nov 2015 (hosted by Fatima Abrantes)

Helmholtz Centre Potsdam – GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Germany
29 Jan 2016 (hosted by Magdalena Scheck-Wenderoth)

Paola Vannucchi, Earth Sciences Department, Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, UK
Understanding megathrust earthquakes through ocean drilling >> Abstract

Current Schedule

Modena e Reggio Emilia University, Italy
25 May 2015 (hosted by Francesca Remitti)

University of Graz, Austria
10 March 2015 (hosted by R Walter Kurz)

Plymouth University, UK
19 March 2015 (hosted by Antony Morris)

Durham University, UK
28 April 2015 (hosted by Richard Hobbs)

Haifa and Ben Gurion Universities, Israel
5 May 2015 (hosted by Nicolas Waldmann)

Geosciences Montpellier,France
5 June 2015 (hosted by Benoit Ildefonse)

University of Victoria, Canada
14 Sept 2015 (hosted by Laurence Coogan)

Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France
28 Oct 2015 (hosted by Catherine Mével)

Istanbul IODP Day, Turkey
15 Oct 2015

GEOMAR, Kiel , Germany
27 Nov 2015 (hosted by Michael Stippg)

Lecturers 2013/2014

Roger Urgeles, Institut de Ciences del Mar, Barcelona, Spain,
Submarine landslides and derived tsunamis, new challenges for the IODP Abstract

Schedule

Ghent University, Belgium
April 30, 2013 (hosted by David Van Rooij)

Dalhousie University, Canada
Oct. 24, 2013 (hosted by Markus Kienast)

Geological Survey of Canada, Atlantic, Canada
Oct. 25, 2013 (hosted by David Mosher)

University of Leeds, UK
Nov. 11-12, 2013 (hosted by David Hodgson)

Kiel University, Germany
Nov. 19, 2013 (hosted by Sebastian Krastel)

Westfalische Wilhelms-Universitat MŸnster, Germany
Nov. 20, 2013 (hosted by Harald Strauss)

ABCJ- Geoverbund, Germany
Nov. 22, 2013 (hosted by Klaus Reicherter)

Benoit Idelfonse, Universite Montpellier, France,
Mantle, ocean crust and seawater: where are we, and what«s next inScientific Drilling Abstract

Schedule

Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience, Canada
Sep. 26, 2013 (hosted by Pascal Audet)

ICM Barcelona, Spain
Oct. 18, 2013 (hosted by Hector Perea)

University of Hannover, Germany
Nov. 4, 2013 (hosted by Juergen Koepke)

Ruhr-UniversitŠt Bochum , Germany
Nov. 6, 2013 (hosted by Sumit Chakraborty)

Stockholm University , Sweden
16 January 2014 (hosted by Eve Arnold)

Plymouth University ,UK
11 February 2014 (hosted by Antony Morris)

UniversitŽ Blaise Pascal, Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Clermont-Ferrand , France
25 February 2014 (hosted by Estelle Rose-Koga and Ali Bouhifd)

University of Gdansk ,Poland
4 April 2014 (hosted by Monika Dolinska)

Claude Hillaire Marcel, Universite du Quebec, Montreal, Canada,
The Arctic Ocean in the Cenozoic climate system Abstract

Schedule

Bordeux University, France
April 26, 2013 (hosted by Frederique Eynaud)

Tromso University, Norway
Sept. 11-14, 2013 (hosted by Husum Katrine)

Aarhus University, Denmark
Sept. 14-18, 2013 (hosted by Bo Barker)

University of Vienna, Austria
Oct. 10, 2013 (hosted by Michael Wagreich)

University of Algarve, Portugal
Oct. 24, 2013 (hosted by Cristina Veiga)

Geological Survey of Portugal, Lison, Portugal
Oct. 28, 2013 (hosted by Antje Voelker)

University of Haifa, Israel
Nov. 6, 2013 (hosted by Nicolas Waldman/Carlota Escutia)

Universite Paris VI, Institut de Physique du Globe, France
Nov. 13, 2013 (hosted by Laure Meynadier)

University of Triestre, Italy
Nov. 18, 2013 (hosted by Renata G. Lucchi)

University of Liverpool, UK
Dec. 18, 2013 (hosted by Fabienne Harret-Davies)

Lecturers 2010/2012

In the “Deep Biosphere and Subseafloor Ocean” theme:
Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, MARUM, University of Bremen, D
Benthic archaea – the unseen majority with importance to the global carbon cycle revealed by IODP drilling Abstract

Schedule

Kai-Uwe Hinrichs’ past and current scheduled lectures:

University of Michigan, USA
October 29, 2010

ICBM, University of Oldenburg, Germany
December 01, 2010

Center for Geomicrobiology, University of Aarhus, Denmark
June 14, 2011 (hosted by Beth Orcutt)

Department of Geology, University of Tromso, Norway
September 30, 2011 (hosted by Jurgen Mienert/Katarzyna Zamelczyk)

University of Stockholm, Sweden
(hosted by Nils G. Holm)

University of Perpignon, France
October, 2011 (hosted by Serge Berne)

In the “Solid Earth Cycles and Geodynamic” theme:
Dominique Weis, PCIGR, University of British Columbia, CDN
What do we know about mantle plumes and what more can we learn by IODP drilling? Abstract

Schedule

Dominique Weis’ past and current scheduled lectures:

University of Toronto, Department of Geology, Toronto, Canada
March 30, 2011 (hosted by Rebecca Ghent)

University of Ottawa, Department of Earth Sciences, Ottawa, Canada
March 31, 2011 (hosted by Sandra Sheperd)

Ghent University, Belgium
May 10, 2011 (hosted by David Van Rooij, Marc De Batist, Marlina Elburg)

University of British Columbia, Canada
September 15, 2011 (hosted by Dominique Weis)

University of Potsdam,Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Potsdam, Germany
October 24, 2011 (hosted by Jens Kallmeyer)

Cardiff University,Department for Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff, UK
October 28, 2011 (hosted by Matt O’Regan)

ETH Zurich, Switzerland
October 31, 2011 (hosted by Helmut Weissert)

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU), Dept. of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Munich, Germany
November 04 , 2011 (hosted by Helen Pfuhl)

University of Victoria,Canada
March 31, 2012 (hosted by Laurence Coogan)

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU), Dept. of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Munich, Germany
May 25 , 2012 (hosted by Kai-Uwe Hess)

Stockholm University, Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden
May 28 , 2012 (hosted by Ines Nobre Silva)

coming also:

University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

University of Quebec, Montreal, Canada
(hosted by Anne de Vernal)

McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra, Armilla, Granada, Spain
(hosted by Carlota Escutia Dotti)

Universita degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Milano, Italy
(hosted by Stefano Poli, Elisabetta Erba)

University of Copenhagen, Department of Geography and Geology, Copenhagen, Denmark
(hosted by Hans Thybo)

University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography, Helsinki, Finland
(hosted by Juha Karhu, Kari Strand)

CRPG-CNRS, Nancy, France
(hosted by D. Jousselin, Jerome Lave)

In the “Environmental Change, Processes and Effects” theme:
Helmut Weissert, ETH Zurich, CH
Carbon cycle, oceans and climate in the Cretaceous: lessons from Ocean Drilling (DSDP to IODP) and from records on continents Abstract

Schedule

Helmut Weissert’s past and current scheduled lectures:

Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Institut fuer Geologie und Palaeontologie, Muenster, Germany
December 09, 2010 (hosted by Harald Strauss)

University of British Columbia, Earth and Ocean Science Dept., Vancouver, Canada
April 28, 2011 (hosted by Roger Francois)

Unidade de Geologia Marinha, Laboratorio Nacional de Energia e Geologia (LNEG), Amadora, Portugal
June 06, 2011 (hosted by Fatima Abrantes and Antje Voelker)

University of Bristol, Dept. of Earth Sciences, Bristol, UK
June 16, 2011 (hosted by Corey Archer)

University of Plymouth, UK
October 17, 2011 (hosted by Antony Morris)

University of Leeds, School of Earth and Environment, Leeds, UK
November 24, 2011 (hosted by Bridget Wade)

Lecturers 2008/2010

ECORD Distinguished Lecturers for the serie 2008/2010:

In the “Solid Earth Cycles and Geodynamics” theme:

Achim Kopf, MARUM, University of Bremen, D

Subduction mega-earthquakes and other geohazards: IODP NanTroSEIZE as a type example for complex scientific drilling

In the “Environmental Change, Processes and Effects” theme:

Peter Clift, University of Aberdeen, UK

Mountain Building and the Development of the Asian Monsoon: A chicken and egg problem for the IODP

In the “Deep Biosphere and the Subseafloor Ocean” theme:

R. John Parkes, University of Cardiff, UK

The Sub-seafloor Biosphere: the largest prokaryotic habitat on Earth?

Past Lecturers 2006/2008

ECORD Distinguished Lecturers for the serie 2006/2008:

In the “Solid Earth Cycles and Geodynamic” theme:

Benoît Ildefonse, CNRS, Université Montpellier 2, F
Abstract

Building the crust at mid-ocean ridges: the scientific ocean drilling perspective.

In the ” Deep Biosphere and Subseafloor Ocean” theme:

Judith McKenzie, ETH Zurich, CH
Abstract

Exploring the Deep Biosphere beneath the seafloor with the scientific ocean drilling

In the “Processes and Effects of Environmental Change” theme:

Paul Wilson, School of Ocean & Earth Science, National Oceanographic Centre, Southampton, UK
Abstract

Palaeo-greehouses and Palaeo-icehouses: Understanding changes in global climate – the last 100 million years