The ECORD Science Operator (ESO) is a consortium of European scientific institutions formed to undertake mission-specific platform (MSP) expeditions for ECORD on behalf of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (2003-2013) and the International Ocean Discovery Program launched in October 2013. ESO comprises the British Geological Survey (BGS), the MARUM, University of Bremen and the European Petrophysics Consortium (EPC). BGS acts as consortium coordinator responsible for overall ESO management under a contract from EMA as designated by the ECORD Council. The EPC is contracted to carry out logging and petrophysical activities. The University of Bremen is contracted to carry out curation and data management tasks.
To date, ESO has completed seven MSP operations, 4 expeditions from 2003-2013 and 3 expeditions since 2013. ESO is completing Expedition 381 to the Gulf of Corinth, Greece, (end of March 2018). Two MSP expeditions to the polar regions are planned to be operated beyond 2018 (see below MSP schedule).
- As an Implementing Organization for MSPs, ESO has the task of operational and scientific planning; engineering development, platform and equipment procurement; contracting; essential training of personnel; safety surveys; data management; core curation; onshore science parties (OSP); publications; outreach and other related pre-, intra- and post-operational activities.
- ESO also undertakes the staffing of MSP science parties in consultation with USSSP, J-DESC and ESSAC.
- It is ESO’s responsibility to ensure that MSPs comply with international and national regulations and obligations.
- ESO provides facilities and staff to ensure the maintenance of capability in science operations for ECORD on a year-by-year basis.
Past ESO members
- Timothy Brewer, University of Leicester – EPC Manager 2003-2007
- Alister Skinner, BGS-Edinburgh – ESO Operations Manager 2003-2008
- Dan Evans, BGS-Edinburgh – ESO Science Manager 2003-2010
- Colin Graham, BGS-Edinburgh – ESO Data Manager 2003-2011
- Albert Gerdes, MARUM, Bremen – ESO Media Relations 2003-2015
- Alan Stevenson, BGS-Edinburgh – ESO Outreach Manager 2005-2016
- Annick Fehr, RWTH-Aachen – EPC Staff Scientist 2008-2016
To date, ESO has completed seven scientific expeditions of mission-specific platforms (MSPs). Four expeditions in the first phase of IODP (2003 to 2012), which are Exp 302 Arctic Coring (ACEX), Exp 310 Tahiti Sea-Level, Exp 313 New Jersey Shallow Shelf and Exp 325 Great Barrier Reef Environmental Changes. Three expeditions in the second phase of IODP (2013-2023), which are Exp 347 Baltic Sea Paleoenvironment, Exp 357 Atlantis Massif Serpentinization and Life Expedition, Exp 364 Chicxulub K-Pg Impact Crater Expedition and the offshore phase of the Exp 381 Corinth Active Rift Development Expedition.
- Expedition 373 Antarctic Cenozoic Paleoclimate – tentative schedule: January-February 2021
Co-chiefs Scientists: Trevor Williams and Carlota Escutia
- Expedition 377 Arctic Ocean Paleoceanography (ArcOP) – cancelled in Sept 2017 – decision of a possible re-schedule will be announced in spring 2018
Co-chiefs Scientists: Rüdiger Stein and Kirsten St. John
- Expedition 381 Corinth Active Rift Development – 22 October-18 December 2017 (from/to Corinth, Greece)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Lisa McNeill and Donna Shillington
- Expedition 364 Chicxulub K-Pg Impact Crater – 5 April to 31 May 2016 (from/to Progreso, Mexico)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Joanna Morgan and Sean Gulick
- Expedition 357 Atlantis Massif Serpentinization and Life Expedition. 26 October to 11 December 2015 (from/to Southampton, UK)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Gretchen Früh-Green and Beth Orcutt
- Expedition 347 Baltic Sea Paleoenvironment – 12 September to 1 November 2013 (from/to Kiel, Germany)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Thomas Andrén and Bo Barker Jörgensen
- Expedition 325 Great Barrier Reef Environmental Changes – 11 February to 6 April 2006 (from/to Townsville, Australia)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Jody Webster and Yusuke Yokoyama
- Expedition 313 New Jersey Shallow Shelf – 30 April to 17 July 2009 (from/to Atlantic City, NJ, USA)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Gregory Mountain and Jean-Noël Proust
- Expedition 310 Tahiti Sea Level – 6 October to 21 November 2005 (from/to Papeete, Tahiti, France)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Gilbert Camoin and Yasufumi Iryu
- Expedition 302 Arctic Coring (ACEX) – August-September 2004 (from/to Tromsö, Norway)
Co-chiefs Scientists: Jan Backman and Kate Moran